by Patrick Heller, 2010
Brazil, India, and South Africa are three of the most successful cases of consolidated democracy in the developing world. They are also characterized by deep and durable social inequalities that have limited the effective political incorporation of subordinate groups. In this talk, Professor Heller developed a general analytic frame for assessing democratic deepening in comparative terms and identify distinct trajectories of democratic deepening in each country. These divergent trajectories were in turn linked to patterns of interaction between civil and political society. Patrick Heller of Brown University explores such patterns at a recent Ash Democracy Seminar, held at the Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard Kennedy School.